|Elephas Maximus Sumatrensis
|AVG LIFE SPAN IN THE WILD
|55 to 70 years
|6.6 to 10.5 feet tall
|4,400 to 8,800 Pounds
There are an estimated 2,800 Sumatran elephants remaining in the wild in as fragmented populations.
The main threats to their survival in the wild include poaching, loss of habitat, human-elephant conflict and fragmentation.
Sumatran elephants are threatened by rapid deforestation due to palm oil plantations and the paper industry. This has resulted in herds of elephants confined to small forest patches, fragmenting the population. Local populations also often retaliate against elephants, shooting or poisoning them because of the contact between wild life and settlements.